CERES DUAL XL
<<<< Back to Diamond Testers
HOW IT WORKS
One of the properties of natural Diamond is the ability to conduct heat very rapidly,
unlike all common Diamond Simulants, such as Glass and Cubic Zirconia, which are typically
poor conductors of heat. Ceres Electronics was first to recognize the importance of this significant
difference in thermal conductivity as a practical, simple method of gem identification. The thermal
gem-testing technique, developed and patented by Ceres Electronics, is now universally accepted by
gem and jewelry professionals as a fast simple method of differentiating natural Diamond from its
However, the introduction of Moissanite to the jewelry market has complicated matters slightly,
since Moissanite shares with Diamond the property of high thermal conductivity. Traditional
diamond testers, therefore, will register a Diamond response when testing Moissanite. As it
turns out, Moissanite differs from natural Diamond in that it is electrically conductive.
The Ceres Dual XL, simultaneously measures a gemstone’s ability to conduct both heat and
electrical current, using technology developed and patented by Ceres Electronics
(patent #’s 6265884 and others). Thus, a stone that rapidly conducts heat but does not
conduct electricity will be determined to be natural Diamond; a stone that rapidly conducts
both heat and electricity will be determined to ba a Moissanite; a stone that conducts neither
heat nor electricity will be determined to be a CZ or other simulant.
The thermal conductivity method for differentiating Diamond from CZ is nearly flawless;
electrical conductivity as means to differentiate Diamond from Moissanite, unfortunately,
is not. Whereas a Diamond is uniformly thermally conductive (i.e. all natural Diamonds
are conductive and will conduct heat regardless of where on the stone you make your test),
some Moissanite stones are more conductive than others, and even a conductive stone may
have certain areas of non-conductivity.
Additionally, dust or other airborne particles in any jewelry testing environment often contain
gold or silver, which are electrically conductive. These particles can easily cause a Diamond
to react as Moissanite – even if you can’t see them. For this reason, regular and careful
cleaning of the gemstone and probe tip is vital to successful gem identification.
Please also be aware that the use of Moissanite in jewelry is extremely limited, chances are
very slim that a stone you are testing is actually Moissanite. This fact, coupled with the
relative limitations of electrical conductivity, should cause the user to be suspicious of a
Moissanite reading from the Ceres Dual XL. Actual positive readings for Moissanite for the
typical jeweler will be very rare.
WHAT IT CAN AND CANNOT DO
The Dual XL has been designed to assist the professional jeweler and gemologist who can
visually identify older Diamond Simulants such as YAG, Sapphire, or Titanite, but who may
have some difficulty in spotting CZ and Moissanite gems, particularly smaller stones set
in gold or silver. For this purpose the Dual XL provides a fast, reliable and universally
accepted method to confirm the user’s judgment.
PERFORMING A TEST
Plug the Dual XL into an electrical outlet. Remove the protective cover from the probe tip
and move the power switch from the OFF to the ON position. The ORANGE (Power) light will
turn on and the RED (READY) light will flash for approximately 15 seconds as the probe
tip is warmed up. At the conclusion of the warm-up period, both the POWER and READY lights
will be on, though the READY light may extinguish briefly before coming back on if you are
operating the unit on battery power. The Dual XL is now ready to operate.
To perform a test, place the probe tip squarely against the facet of the gemstone, using
sufficient pressure for the spring-loaded metal tip to retract partially into it plastic housing.
Press firmly and quickly, but do not press so hard that the probe tip retracts fully into the housing.
- If the gemstone is a Diamond, the GREEN (DIAM) light will illuminate and you will hear a short beep.
- If the gemstone is a Moissanite the YELLOW (MOISS) light will illuminate, and you will hear three short beeps.
- If the gemstone is a CZ, the RED (READY) light may extinguish but will probably remain lit.
- If the gemstones are some other type of Diamond simulant, the RED (READY) light will extinguish, and there will be no beep.
METAL WARNING BEEPER
The Dual XL incorporates a Warning Beeper indicating that the probe tip has come in contact with metal.
Since gold and silver share Diamond’s high thermal conductivity and Moissanite’s electrical conductivity,
many gem testers provide a Diamond or Moissanite reading when you are actually touching the metallic setting
of the jewelry.
For proper operation of the Warning Beeper, you must hold the piece of jewelry in one hand while touching the
Dual XL’s ribbed contact plate with the thumb of your other hand. When contact is made with metal, the Dual
XL will emit a two-tone signal, indicating that you must retest.
LOW BATTERY INDICATOR
The Dual XL incorporates an LED indication that the unit’s rechargeable batteries require recharging.
When the Dual XL’s batteries require recharging an ORANGE power light will begin to flash, indicating
that you must recharge the batteries as directed below. If the batteries are not recharged, the Dual
XL will eventually cease to function. You may use the unit on the wall adaptor, however, while the
batteries are recharging.
AUTOMATIC BATTERY SHUT-OFF
The Dual XL’s advanced circuitry includes a feature that will automatically turn the unit off if it has
been idle for approximately 60 seconds. If the instrument has turned itself off, simple move the power
switch to the OFF position and then back to ON to restart. Please Note, however, that you must wait at
least 10 seconds after the unit has turned off before it will restart.
RECHARGING THE BATTERIES
When you receive the Dual XL from your dealer, you MUST charge the batteries for 18 to 24 hours.
You may, however, operate the unit using electrical power while the batteries are charging.
To recharge, simply insert the AC adaptor plug into the Dual XL’s charging jack and plug the adaptor
into a suitable electrical outlet. Charge the batteries for 18 to 24 hours before using the product
solely on battery power.
- Test only clean gemstones, since body oil, dirt, and dust can produce incorrect readings.
Make sure that the stone is completely dry after cleaning, as water and other liquids could cause improper readings.
- For accurate operation, the Dual XL and the gems should be at room temperature (65 –75F/18-24C).
- Clean the Probe Tip Frequently – It is recommended that the tip be cleaned during warm-up each time
the unit is turned on, and after a few
minutes of continual operation. The probe may be cleaned by scratching
it vigorously against a piece of paper. Do not use coated or waxed
paper and be careful to point the probe
tip straight down at the paper.
- Always test with sufficient pressure to ensure solid contact between the probe and the gemstone. Tests must be made firmly and
particularly on small stones. Apply pressure to the probe tip the moment that contact is made with the stone.
- Always keep the protective cover on the probe tip when not using the instrument. Turn the unit off when it is not in use.
In the event that your Dual XL is not performing to your expectations, we strongly recommend calling Ceres Electronics
Customer Service Department before returning it for repair. Many problems can be solved quickly over the phone,
without the need to return the unit for service. Specifically, make sure you have cleaned the probe tip
thoroughly before shipping, as this is most common cause of improper function.
There are no user-serviceable parts in the unit. Do not take it apart, as there are areas on the circuit that
when touched will give an uncomfortable electrical shock. Evidence of tampering also voids the Limited
WARRANTY AND DISCLAIMER
Ceres Electronics Corporation warrants that this Ceres Dual XL will be free from defects in materials and
workmanship for as long as you own it. This warranty extends only to the original purchaser of this instrument
and does not include the probe tip and power adaptor, which are warranted for two (2) years.
In the event of a defect during the warranty period, Ceres Electronics Corporation should be notified and the
purchaser should return the instrument to Ceres Electronics Corporation, freight prepaid, properly identified
and with proof of purchase date. The sold obligation of Ceres Electronics Corporation, after reasonable
opportunity to inspect the instrument, will be to repair or replace the defective instrument, or any part
of the instrument that is proven to the satisfaction of Ceres Electronics Corporation to have been
defective at the time of purchase, or that has become defective in normal use during the warranty period,
at its option and at no charge to the purchaser.
The above warranty is void if the instrument has been service by anyone other than the Ceres Electronics Corporation
or has been altered, abused, misused, or used for purposes other than those for which it was designed or used in a
manner contrary to the instructions contained herein.
Ceres Electronics Corporation makes no warranties regarding the Ceres Dual XL other than those expressly contained herein.
All other warranties of any kind whatsoever, whether expressed or implied, including warranties of merchantability or fitness
for a particular purpose, are hereby disclaimed and are excluded by it.
<<<< Back to Diamond Testers